binutils: invalid memory read in find_abstract_instance_name (dwarf2.c)

Description:
binutils is a set of tools necessary to build programs.

The complete ASan output of the issue:

# nm -A -a -l -S -s --special-syms --synthetic --with-symbol-versions -D $FILE
==23816==ERROR: AddressSanitizer: SEGV on unknown address 0x4700004008d0 (pc 0x0000005427b6 bp 0x7ffd49033690 sp 0x7ffd49033680 T0)                                                                               
==23816==The signal is caused by a READ memory access.                                                                                                                                                            
    #0 0x5427b5 in _bfd_safe_read_leb128 /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/bfd/libbfd.c:1019:14                                                                                              
    #1 0x6a9b25 in find_abstract_instance_name /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/bfd/dwarf2.c:2918:19                                                                                        
    #2 0x69a3ff in scan_unit_for_symbols /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/bfd/dwarf2.c:3168:10                                                                                              
    #3 0x6a2de6 in comp_unit_maybe_decode_line_info /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/bfd/dwarf2.c:3660:9                                                                                    
    #4 0x6a2de6 in comp_unit_find_line /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/bfd/dwarf2.c:3686                                                                                                   
    #5 0x6a0369 in _bfd_dwarf2_find_nearest_line /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/bfd/dwarf2.c:4798:11                                                                                      
    #6 0x5f332e in _bfd_elf_find_line /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/bfd/elf.c:8695:10                                                                                                    
    #7 0x5176a3 in print_symbol /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/binutils/nm.c:1003:9                                                                                                       
    #8 0x514e4d in print_symbols /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/binutils/nm.c:1084:7                                                                                                      
    #9 0x514e4d in display_rel_file /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/binutils/nm.c:1200                                                                                                     
    #10 0x510976 in display_file /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/binutils/nm.c:1318:7                                                                                                      
    #11 0x50f4ce in main /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/binutils/nm.c:1792:12                                                                                                             
    #12 0x7f839bb03680 in __libc_start_main /var/tmp/portage/sys-libs/glibc-2.23-r4/work/glibc-2.23/csu/../csu/libc-start.c:289                                                                                   
    #13 0x41a638 in chmod (/usr/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/binutils-bin/git/nm+0x41a638)                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
AddressSanitizer can not provide additional info.
SUMMARY: AddressSanitizer: SEGV /var/tmp/portage/sys-devel/binutils-9999/work/binutils/bfd/libbfd.c:1019:14 in _bfd_safe_read_leb128
==23816==ABORTING

Affected version:
2.29.51.20170925 and maybe past releases

Fixed version:
N/A

Commit fix:
https://sourceware.org/git/gitweb.cgi?p=binutils-gdb.git;h=1b86808a86077722ee4f42ff97f836b12420bb2a

Credit:
This bug was discovered by Agostino Sarubbo of Gentoo.

CVE:
CVE-2017-15938

Reproducer:
https://github.com/asarubbo/poc/blob/master/00381-binutils-invalidread-find_abstract_instance_name

Timeline:
2017-09-26: bug discovered and reported to upstream
2017-09-26: upstream released a patch
2017-10-24: blog post about the issue
2017-10-27: CVE assigned

Note:
This bug was found with American Fuzzy Lop.
This bug was identified with bare metal servers donated by Packet. This work is also supported by the Core Infrastructure Initiative.

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binutils: invalid memory read in find_abstract_instance_name (dwarf2.c)

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